St. Nicholas
Last Updated: Tue, 09 Apr 2013 04:27:22 +0000



St. Nicholas bishop of Myra in Asia Minor


Bishop of Myra in asia minor, Defender of Orthodoxy, Wonderworker, Holy Hierarch
Born     c. AD 270 (the Ides of March) Patara, Lycia et Pamphylia, Asia Minor (modern day Turkey)
Died     6 December 343 (aged 73) Myra, Lycia
Honored in     
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Oriental Orthodoxy
Anglicanism
Lutheranism
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Major shrine     Basilica di San Nicola, Bari, Italy
Feast     
6 December [O.S. 19 December](main feast day)
9 May [O.S. 22 May](translation of relics)
(The "O.S." dates are for the Julian Calendar used by most Eastern churches)
Attributes     Vested as a Bishop. In Eastern Christianity, wearing an omophorion and holding a Gospel Book. Sometimes shown with Jesus Christ over one shoulder, holding a Gospel Book, and with the Theotokos over the other shoulder, holding an omophorion

Nicholas was born in Asia Minor during the third century in the city of Patara Lycia,which was a port on the Mediterranean Sea, and lived in Myra - Lycia (part of modern-day Demre, Turkey), at a time when the region was Greek in its heritage,
culture, and outlook and politically part of the Roman diocese of Asia.
He was the only son of wealthy Christian parents named Epiphanius and Johanna  according to some accounts and Theophanes and Nonna  according to others.
He was very religious from an early age and according to legend, Nicholas was said to have rigorously observed the canonical fasts of Wednesdays and Fridays. His wealthy parents died in an epidemic while Nicholas was still young and he was raised by his uncle—also named Nicholas—who was the bishop of Patara. He tonsured the young Nicholas as a reader and later ordained him a presbyter (priest).
In 325, he was one of many bishops to answer the request of Constantine and appear at the First Council of Nicaea. There, Nicolas was a staunch anti-Arian and defender of the Orthodox Christian position, and one of the bishops who signed the Nicene Creed.

         

Symbols:

Three children in a trough or tub;
three golden balls on a book;
six golden balls;
three golden apples;
three loaves;
three purses or bags of gold;
anchor;
ship;
Trinity symbol on a cope;
angel;
small church;
three balls;
Often Portrayed As: Bishop with three children in a tub at his feet;
Bishop calming a storm;
bishop holding three balls;
bishop holding three bags of gold;
bishop with three children.

   
 

      

Patronage 

Accused
Against Fire
Against İmprisonment
Against Robberies
Against Sterility
Against Storms At Sea
Against Thefts
Altar Servers
Apothecaries
Archers
Archers
Bakers
Bankers
Barrel Makers
Boatmen
Boot Blacks
Boys
Brewers
Brides
Broadcasters
Butchers
Button Makers
Candle Makers
Captives
Chair Makers
Children
Choir Boys
Cloth Shearers
Coopers
Dock Workers
Druggists
Educators
Farm Workers
Farmers
Firefighters
Fish Mongers
Fishermen
Grain Merchants
Grocers
Grooms
Happy Marriages
Hoteliers
Innkeepers
Judges
Lace Merchants
Lawsuits Lost Unjustly
Lawyers
Linen Merchants
Longshoremen
Lovers
Maidens
Mariners
Merchants
Millers
Murderers
Newlyweds
Notaries
Old Maids
Parish Clerks
Paupers
Pawnbrokers
Penitent Murderers
Penitent Thieves
Perfumeries
Perfumers
Perfumers
Pharmacists
Pilgrims
Poets
Poor People
Prisoners
Repentant Thieves
Ribbon Weavers
Sailors
Scholars
Schoolchildren
Ship Owners
Shoe Shiners
Soldiers
Spice Merchants
Spinners
Spinsters
Stone Masons
Students
Tape Weavers
Teachers
The Falsely
Thieves
Toy Makers
Travellers
Unmarried Girls
Vintners
Virgins
Watermen
Weavers

Argentina La Rioja,
Austria Dorfbeueren,
Austria Feldkirch,
Belgium  Sint-Niklaas,
Belgium Antwerp,
Belgium Enghien,
Belgium Liège,
Colombia Barranquilla,
Czech Republic Husinec,
England
England Liverpool,
England North-Moreton,
England Portsmouth, E
England St Nicholas, Glamorganshire,
England St Nicholas, Pembrokeshire,
England St Nicholas-at-Wade,
England Winchester,
France  Paris,
France Amiens,
France Civray,
France Lorraine,
France Mardyck,
France Saint-Nicolas-de-Port,
France University of Paris,
Germany
Germany Anklam,
Germany Berlin,
Germany Greifswald,
Germany Großaitingen,
Germany Hamburg,
Germany Kalkar,
Germany Lubeck,
Germany Stendal,
Germany Tauberbischofsheim-Impfingen,
Germany Überlingen,
Germany Waal,
Germany Zepfenhan,
Greece
Greece Corfu Island,
Greece Hagios Nikolaos Anapafsas Meteora Monastery,
Greek Catholic Church in America;
Greek Catholic Union;
Ireland
Ireland Galway
Ireland Kilmacduagh,
Ireland Limerick,
Italy
Italy Ancona,
Italy Apulia,
Italy Avolasca,
Italy Bardolino,
Italy Bari,
Italy Cammarata, Sicily,
Italy Capistrano,
Italy Cardinale,
Italy Creazzo,
Italy Fossalto,
Italy Fossalto,
Italy Gagliato,
Italy Genazzano,
Italy La Thuile,
Italy Lecco,
Italy Mazzano Romano,
Italy Mentana,
Italy Meran,
Italy Naples,
Italy Sassari,
Italy Sicily,
Italy Venice,
Italy; Duronia,
Italy; Portsmouth,
Italy Duronia,
Italy Lorraine;
Malta Is-Siggiewi,
Netherlands
Netherlands Amsterdam,
Netherlands Cuxhaven,
Netherlands Kampen,
Netherlands St Nicolaasga,
Palestinian Beit Jala,  
Russia
Scotland Aberdeen,
Slovakia Liptovský Mikulás,
Slovenia Ljubljana,
Slovenia Miklavž na Dravskem polju,
Spain Cas Concos,
Sweden Stralsund,
Switzerland Fribourg,                                   
 

 






Tags: asia minor, nicholas, myra, demre, antalya, anatolia, turkey, holy, hierarc, christian, bible, bishop, wonderworker, church, father, church fathers, st. saint, saints,